Ringwald., W.R., Woods, W.C., & Wright, A.G.C. Comparing the DSM-5 personality disorder models scored from the same interview. (in press). Personality Disorders: Theory Research and TreatmentPre-print:

Vize, C., Ringwald, W. R., Kamarck, T., Scott, L., Pilkonis, P. A., & Wright, A. G.C.  (in press).  Evidence for a vicious socio-emotional cycle of negative emotions and interpersonal conflict. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Pre-print:

Forbes, M. K., Ringwald, W. R., Allen, T., Cicero, D. C., Clark, L. A., DeYoung, C. G., … Wright, A. G. C. (2024). Principles and procedures for revising the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology. Journal of Psychopathology and Clinical Science, 133 (1). Pre-print:

Ringwald, W.R., Pilkonis, P.A., Wright, A.G.C. (2024). Filling gaps in the nomological networks for dominance and affiliation by examining self-informant agreement on momentary interpersonal behavior.  European Journal of Personality, 38(2), 158-171. Pre-print:


Ringwald, W.R., Kaurin, A. Lawson, K.M., Wright, A.G.C., Robins, R.W. (in press). The development of personality – from metatraits to facets – across adolescence and emerging adulthood in a sample of Mexican-origin youth. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Ringwald, W.R., Nielsen, S.R., Mostajabi, J., Vize, C.E., van den Berg, T., Manuck, S.B., Marsland, A.L., Wright, A.G.C. (in press). Characterizing stress processes by linking Big Five personality states, traits, and day-to-day stressors.  Journal of Research in Personality


Ringwald, W.R., Emery, L., Khoo, S., Clark, L.A., Kotelnikova, Y., Scalco, M.D., Watson, D., Wright, A.G.C., Simms, L.J.  (2023). Structure of pathological personality traits through the lens of the CAT-PD model. Assessment, 30(7),  2276-2295. Pre-print:

Wright, A. G. C., Ringwald, W. R., Hopwood, C. J., & Pincus, A. L. (2023). On definition and description in psychopathology: Reply to Widiger et al. (2023). American Psychologist, 78(5), 716–717. 


Kumar, L., Ringwald, W.R., Wright, A.G.C. & Creswell, K.G., (2023). Associations of state and trait empathy with daily alcohol use.  Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 47(5), 951-962.


Woods, W.C., Edershile, E.A., Ringwald, W.R., Sharpe, B.M., Himmelstein, P.H., Newman, M.G., Wilson, S.J., Ellison, W.D., Levy, K.N., Pincus, A.L., Creswell, J.D., Wright, A.G.C. (2023).  Psychometric evaluation of a visual interpersonal analogue scale.  Psychological Assessment, 35(4), 311-324.


Watts, A.L., Greene, A.L., Ringwald, W.R., Forbes, M.K., Brandes, C.M., Levin-Aspenson, H.F., Delawala, C. (2023). Factor analysis in personality disorders research: Modern issues and illustrations of practical recommendations. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 14(1), 105-117. 


Ringwald, W.R., Forbes, M.K. & Wright, A.G.C. (2023). Meta-analysis of structural evidence for the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) model.  Psychological Medicine, 53(2), 533-546.


Ringwald, W.R., Kaurin, A., DuPont, C.M., Gianaros, P.J., Marsland, Muldoon, M.F., A.L. Wright, A.G.C., & Manuck, S.B. (2023). The personality meta-trait of Stability and carotid artery atherosclerosis.  Journal of Personality, 91(2), 271-284.


Ringwald, W.R., Dombrovski, A.Y., Hallquist, M.N. & Wright, A.G.C. (2023). Personality (dys)function and general instability. Clinical Psychological Science, 11(1), 106-120. 


Wright, A.G.C., Ringwald, W.R., Hopwood, C.J., Pincus, A.L. (2022).  It’s time to replace the personality disorders with the interpersonal disorders.  American Psychologist, 77(9), 1085-1099.

Ringwald, W.R., Forbes, M.K. & Wright, A.G.C. (2022). Meta-analytic tests of measurement invariance of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology across common methodological characteristics.  Journal of Psychopathology and Clinical Science, 131(8), 847-856.


Yan, R., Ringwald, W.R., Vega-Hernandez, J., Kehl, M., Bae, S.W., Dey, A.K., Low, C., Wright, A.G.C., Doryab, A. (2022).  Exploratory machine learning modeling of adaptive and maladaptive personality traits from passively sensed behavior.  Future Generation Computer Systems, 132 (2), 266-281.


Ringwald, W.R., Hallquist, M.N., Dombrovski, A.Y. & Wright, A.G.C. (2022). Transdiagnostic associations with interpersonal and affective variability in borderline personality pathology. Journal of Personality Disorders, 36(3), 320-338.


Wright, A.G.C. & Ringwald, W.R. (2022).  Personality disorders are dead, long live the interpersonal disorders.  Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 13(4), 364-368.


Ringwald, W.R., Manuck, S.B., Marsland, A.L. & Wright, A.G.C. (2022).  Psychometric evaluation of a Big Five personality state scale for intensive longitudinal studies.  Assessment, 29(6), 1301-1319.



Ringwald, W.R., Edershile, E.A., Hale, J., Williams, T.F., Simms, L.J., Creswell, K.G., Bachrach, R.L., Wright, A.G.C (2021).  Role of pregaming motives in accounting for links between maladaptive personality traits and drinking consequences. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 13(2), 192-197. 


Vize, C.E., Ringwald, W.R., Edershile, E.A. & Wright, A.G.C. (2021).  Antagonism in daily life: An exploratory ecological momentary assessment study.  Clinical Psychological Science, 10(1), 90-108.


Ringwald, W.R. & Wright, A.G.C. (2021).  The affiliative role of empathy across everyday interactions.  European Journal of Personality, 35(2). 197-211.


Hruschak, V., Yan, Y., Ringwald, W.R., Beaugard, C., Repine, M.J., Pacella, M.L., Rosen, D., Cochran, G. (2021).  Pain appraisals in patients with physical injury: Assessing the role of distress tolerance in the relationship between depression and pain catastrophizing.  Health and Social Work, 46(1). 187-198.


Ringwald, W.R., Sharpe, B.M., Edershile, E.A., Woods, W.C., & Wright, A.G.C. (2021). Psychopathology and personality functioning. In J.F. Rauthmann (Ed). The Handbook of Personality Dynamics and Processes (pp. 275-290). Elsevier-Academic Press.



Ringwald, W.R., Hopwood, C.J., Pilkonis, P.A., & Wright, A.G.C. (2020). Dynamic features of interpersonal behavior and affect in relation to general and specific personality pathology.  Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 12(4), 365–376.


Barber, T.A., Ringwald, W.R.*, Wright, A.G.C., & Manuck, S.B. (2020).  Borderline personality disorder traits associate with midlife cardiometabolic risk.  Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 11(2), 151-156.

* Shared first authorship


Ringwald, W.R., Edershile, E.A., Woods, W.C., & Wright, A.G.C. (2020). The Need for Mechanistic Models when Moving from Bench to Bedside with the DSM-5 and ICD-11 Traits: Commentary on Using DSM-5 and ICD-11 Personality Traits in Clinical Treatment. In C.W. Lejuez & K.L. Gratz (Eds). The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Disorders (pp. 471-474). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.


Cochran, G., Pacella, M.L., Ringwald, W.R., Repine, M., Hruschak, V., Beaugard, C., Sewall, C., Rosen, D., Alarcon, L.H., Tarkin, I.S., Moloney, G.B., Corcos, A. (2020).  Opioid use patterns and risk characteristics among injured patients.  Substance Abuse, 41(1), 24-28.



Ringwald, W.R., Beeney, J.E., Pilkonis, P.A., & Wright, A.G.C.  (2019). Comparing hierarchical models of personality pathology.  Journal of Personality Research, 81, 98-107.


Beeney, J.E., Stepp, S.D., Hallquist, M.N., Ringwald, W.R., Wright, A.G.C., Lazarus, S.A., Scott, L.N., Mattia, A.A., Ayars, H.E., Gebresalassie, S.H., & Pilkonis, P.A. (2019). Attachment styles, social behavior and personality functioning in romantic relationships. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research and Treatment, 10(3), 275–285.


Beeney, J.E., Hallquist, M.N., Scott, L.N., Ringwald, W.R., Stepp, S.D., Lazarus, S.A., Mattia, A.A. & Pilkonis, P.A. (2019).  The emotional bank account and the four horsemen of the apocalypse in romantic relationships of people with borderline personality disorder: A dyadic observational study.  Clinical Psychological Science, 7(5), 1063–1077.



Cochran, G., Field, C.A., Karp, J., Seybert, A.L., Chen, Q., Ringwald, W.R., Hruschak, V., Chickering, S., Kincman, J., Jaber, A., & Tarter, R. (2018). A community pharmacy intervention for opioid medication misuse: A pilot randomized clinical trial. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, 58(4), 395-403.


Ringwald, W.R. (2018). Subjectivity as “evidence:” An exploration of medication adherence in the treatment of schizophrenia using in-depth interviews.  Journal of Progressive Human Services.

Under review

Ringwald, W. R., Shields, A., Kushner, S. C., Herzhoff, K., & Tackett, J. L. Cross-situational variability in childhood personality states. Pre-print: 

Ringwald, W. R., Edershile, E. A., Mostajabi, J., Nielsen, S., Woods, W. C., Simms, L., & Wright, A. G.C. Daily manifestations of psychopathology in response to stress. Pre-print:

Ringwald, W. R., Creswell, K., Low, C., Doryab, A., Chung, T., Oliva, J. B., … Wright, A. G. C. Common and uncommon drinking patterns in young adulthood uncovered by person-specific computational modeling.  Pre-print:

Müller, S., Schroeders, U., Bachrach, N., Benecke, C., Cuevas, L., Doering, S., Elklit, A., Gutiérrez, F., Hengartner, M. P., Hogue, T., Hopwood, C. J., Mihura, J. L., Oltmanns, T., Paap, M., Pedersen, G., Renn, D., Ringwald, W. R., Rossi, G., Samuels, J., ... Zimmermann, J. Revisiting the structure of DSM-5 section II personality disorder criteria using individual participant data meta-analysis. Pre-print: 

Vize, C.E., Ringwald, W.R., Perkins, E.R., Waller, R., Hawes, S.W., & Byrd, A.L. The hierarchical structure and longitudinal measurement invariance of externalizing symptoms in the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study. Pre-print:


Wright, A.G.C., Ringwald, W.R., & Zimmerman, J. Measuring multidimensional hierarchies of psychopathology in everyday life. Pre-print:

Halberstadt, A.L., Ringwald, W.R., & Pincus, A.L. Linking theory with method: A brief overview of statistical methods for studying personality processes with intensive longitudinal data.

Ringwald, W. R., Napolitano, C., Sewell, M. N., Soto, C. J., Yoon, H. R., & Wright, A. G.C. More skill than trait, or more trait than skill? Relations of (mis)matches between personality traits and social, emotional, behavioral skills with adolescent outcomes.  Pre-print: 

Ringwald, W.R. & Wright, A.G.C. Overcoming the confound of means and variability for measuring everyday emotion dynamics related to neuroticism.  Pre-print: